Types of Knee Conditions and How Knee Specialists in Singapore Treat Them

Knee pain and discomfort are prevalent problems that can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life. Whether caused by injury, degeneration, or overuse, various knee conditions can arise, leading to discomfort and limitations in mobility. Due to this, having an understanding of the different types of knee conditions is necessary to properly diagnose and treat them. 

Explore several common knee issues, including their causes, symptoms, and available treatment options.

1. Knee Cartilage Damage

Cause: Knee cartilage damage often occurs due to injury, wear and tear, or degenerative conditions like osteoarthritis. Activities involving repetitive knee movements or sudden twists can contribute to cartilage deterioration.

Symptoms: Symptoms include pain, swelling, stiffness, and decreased range of motion. In severe cases, individuals may experience locking or catching sensations in the knee joint.

Treatment: Treatment options vary depending on the severity of the damage. Conservative approaches may include rest, physical therapy, and pain management. In cases of significant cartilage loss, surgical interventions like arthroscopic procedures or cartilage transplantation may be necessary to restore knee function.

2. ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament)

Cause: ACL tears often result from sports-related injuries, particularly those involving sudden stops, changes in direction, or direct impacts on the knee. Additionally, wear and tear over time can weaken the ligament, making it susceptible to injury.

Symptoms: Symptoms of an ACL tear include a popping sensation at the time of injury, swelling, instability, and difficulty bearing weight on the affected knee.

Treatment: ACL reconstruction surgery is often recommended for individuals who wish to return to sports or activities that require knee stability. During this procedure, the damaged ligament is replaced with a graft from another part of the body or a donor tendon. Post-surgery rehabilitation is necessary to restore knee strength and function.

3. Arthritis in the Knee

Cause: Knee arthritis can develop due to various factors, including age-related degeneration, previous knee injuries, obesity, and genetic predisposition. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis are common forms of knee arthritis.

Symptoms: Symptoms include pain, stiffness, swelling, and decreased flexibility. Individuals may also experience grinding sensations or joint deformities as the condition progresses.

Treatment: Treatment for arthritis in the knee aims to manage pain and enhance joint function. Conservative measures such as weight management, exercise, and medications may provide relief. In advanced cases, surgical options like knee replacement surgery may be considered to alleviate pain and restore mobility.

4. Achilles Tendon Ache

Cause: Achilles tendon pain can result from overuse, sudden gains in physical activity, improper footwear, or biomechanical issues. Achilles tendonitis, characterised by tendon inflammation, is a common cause of discomfort in the area.

Symptoms: Symptoms include pain and stiffness along the back of the heel or calf, particularly during physical activity or upon waking in the morning. Swelling and tenderness may also be present.

Treatment: Treatment typically involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms. Stretching and supporting exercises may help enhance tendon flexibility and strength. In severe cases or if conservative measures fail, medical interventions such as corticosteroid injections or surgery may be necessary.

Consulting a Knee Specialist

For individuals experiencing persistent knee pain or discomfort, seeking evaluation and treatment from a knee specialist in Singapore is advisable. These healthcare professionals possess knowledge in diagnosing and managing various knee conditions, helping patients regain function and alleviate discomfort.


Having an understanding of various knee conditions, such as knee cartilage damage, ACL reconstruction, arthritis in the knee, and Achilles tendon aches, is necessary to manage and treat them. By being aware of these conditions’ causes, symptoms, and treatment options, individuals can proactively work towards enhancing their knee health and overall well-being.

Visit Auspicium Orthopaedic Centre, and let us help you overcome knee problems and get back to doing the things you love.